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Infographic: An Equity Roadmap for Special Ed Classification

Special Education

In the report series Crossing the Line, published by the Frontline Research & Learning Institute, we’ve been exploring special education classifications. In Part 1 of the series, we looked at educator perceptions versus reality in regards to the appropriateness of classifications.

In Part 2, we dig a little deeper, zooming in on educators’ perceptions of how and why two factors – policy and resources – impact both over- and under-classification of students for special education.

Explore the results and engage with key questions in our Equity Roadmap below.

crossing the line infographic

Learn more and get the full report at

Jo Ann Hanrahan

Jo Ann Hanrahan has over 20 years of experience in K-12 education serving students, teachers, district and state education leaders. She started her career as a classroom teacher and then transitioned into administrative roles in the areas of professional learning, teacher (alternative) certification, curriculum, assessment, & instruction, and educator effectiveness. With a Master of Arts in Education and decades of diverse experiences, Jo Ann is currently pursuing her Ph.D. and serves Frontline Education as the Director of Research & Data Analysis.