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Special Education

4 Steps for Navigating Dyslexia Across Departments

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Dyslexia, a neuro-biological disorder that affects language processing, has no bearing on intelligence, but complicates a student’s ability to learn by making both reading and verbal communication difficult. Because dyslexia notoriously flies under the radar, a child can go years with the disorder unidentified and with no answer for why schoolwork is so difficult ― or worse, with teachers and parents assuming that laziness is to blame for poor performance in school.

Yet, even once dyslexia is identified, many factors are at play and educators face the difficulty of determining the best plan to support that student.

Updates for Texas Educators

Frontline recently hosted a webinar with Jose Martín and Dave Richards from Richards, Lindsay, and Martin, LLC. In the leadup to the webinar, registrants submitted questions they’d like to ask the leading education law attorneys. The responses from our Texas administrators were focused almost entirely on House Bill 3928 (HB3928), otherwise known as the Beckley Wilson Act.

The update to dyslexia support directly impacts districts this year, as this law is active as of the 2023-2024 school year.

Here’s a simplified view of dyslexia-related impacts due to HB3928.

  1. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Inclusion: Dyslexia is recognized as a specific learning disability under IDEA, making students eligible for IEPs.
  2. Child Find: Districts must follow evaluation requirements for dyslexia and other potential disabilities, with a form encouraging IDEA evaluations.
  3. Specialized Team Member: Evaluation teams must include a dyslexia expert.
  4. Progress Reporting: Regular progress reports for dyslexia instruction.
  5. Policy Compliance: Districts must adhere to TEA guidelines (including the Dyslexia Handbook).

Texas Association of School Adminsitrators (TASA) describes the bill as follows: House Bill 3928 “requires the board of trustees of each school district to adopt a grievance procedure under which the board would be required to abide by a parent’s due process rights under IDEA and address each complaint that the board received concerning: a violation of a right related to the screening and intervention services for dyslexia or a related disorder; or the school district’s implementation of the Texas Dyslexia Handbook, as published by TEA, and its subsequent amendments. The bill includes a number of other related provisions.”

Up until now, dyslexia was recognized as a disorder for which schools provided accommodations under Section 504. Moving forward in Texas, it will be recognized under IDEA. That often leads to the question…what’s the difference between Section 504 and IDEA?

We have an article for that.

If you’re located in Texas, you may also find this resource from TEA helpful: an FAQ document all about House Bill 3928.

So how can districts continue to evolve to successfully navigate the complex issues presented by dyslexia? In this episode of Field Trip, we talk with Marcy Eisinger and Cathy Clifford of Garland Independent School District in Texas about their unique approach to influencing positive change for students and parents with the help of the administration.
Perhaps the key element of the Garland approach to addressing dyslexia is interdepartmental cooperation. With dyslexic students potentially falling under the care of special education or Section 504 programs ― and some also receiving English as a second language (ESL) supports ― the team at Garland has worked to consolidate departments and open lines of communication so that no student is isolated in one direction to their detriment. Marcy, Cathy and their interdepartmental team are making strides in ensuring they see the whole picture for each student and are able to find common ground on the best support plan.

Garland is producing results in student retention, reading scores and serving the whole child.

1. Proactive training and education

Successfully addressing dyslexia begins with identification, and as Marcy says, while it’s never too late, earlier is always better. In addition to having a staff of capable speech therapists, dyslexia therapists and special education professionals, Garland is working to train every classroom teacher in recognizing the early signs of dyslexia ― including avoidance of reading tasks and written answers that do not seem to match a student’s comprehension. 
In fact, Garland has gone even further, holding training sessions for members of the community as well. When it comes to dyslexia, Marcy says it’s important for parents to understand that “it’s not that there’s something wrong, it’s just something different that we can easily address if we know about it.”

2. Continuous, far-reaching collaboration

Developing a plan of intervention and support for a student with dyslexia at Garland is a team effort. Cathy, who works in special education, notes that she frequently collaborates with K-12 teachers, the Gifted and Talented department, dyslexia therapists, diagnosticians, the ESL department, 504 teams and speech pathologists. The goal is that they have “all of the input from everyone involved that has knowledge of the student to be able to help make those [student-support] determinations.”

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3. Individualized planning

Cathy shares that one difficulty of supporting students with dyslexia is the impossibility of predicting exactly how long it will take to see improvement from any individual learner, because each child is unique. She says the important thing is to accompany each student on their journey, every step of the way. 
Marcy also recalls one student failing to make progress in an ESL program until his dyslexia was identified. Because Marcy was able to work with the ESL and language support departments in developing an individual plan for him, he was able to see great gains in reading and performance in school. Involving everyone who is familiar with the details of a student’s situation ensures that individual needs are met.

4. A shared commitment to open-mindedness

Inevitably, each member of an interdepartmental team will bring a special perspective to the table. While this is the strength of cooperation, it also requires that everyone keep an open mind, an open dialogue and a willingness to work together toward the best solution for each student.
In Marcy’s experience, making a commitment to an interdepartmental approach is about the people: building relationships between educators, bringing support to parents and enabling students to achieve all they can.

“I’m a firm believer in servant leadership. The bottom line is, we’re here to serve the students, and we also want to grow our personnel and our teachers…. So it’s a matter of really trying to be able to communicate well and building up others so that they can do the best work for our students.”


Whether using a 504 Plan or an IEP to support a student with dyslexia, Frontline makes it easier to plan data-driven accommodations and measure their efficacy. Learn how