Thirteen percent, or 6.6 million students ages 3-21, are served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Should that number be higher or lower? How has response to intervention (RTI) impacted special education classification? What about English learners? What does ESSA’s guidance on equity mean for students?

This research brief is the first in a series designed to provoke questions and provide insights to spur discussion about addressing student needs. This first brief examines actual special education classification rates as well as educators’ perceptions of them.

Explore our interactive heat map below of U.S. Special Education Classification Rates. The lower the state’s rate, the lighter the color. The higher the classification rate, the more intense the color.  


Crossing the Line - Special Education Report